What is the Dakar Rally? These are the ins and outs of the 2021 off-road contest

The Dakar Rally has been held on some of the Earth's toughest terrain since the 1970s.

Photo by F. Gooden

Editor's Note: AutomotiveMap's Sue Mead is among those in Saudi Arabia right now taking part in the 2021 Dakar Rally, as team manager/media support for American Amy Lerner’s Team AL. This is Mead's sixth participation in the Dakar Rally. In 2011, she drove a T2 Raptor (No. 374) across the finish line in Buenos Aires and won the stock production class, the first North American class win in Dakar history.

The Dakar Rally is one of the world's best-known off-road challenges. It ranks right up there with ones held in Baja, Morocco, and beyond. You may have heard about it in passing, scrolled past the live coverage listing while looking for something to watch, or read it as a line item in a racer's biography. Perhaps you first learned about it after binge watching "The Crown" over the holidays. No matter how it happened, the Dakar, as the in-crowd calls it, has piqued your interest and now you want to know more.

Scroll down to learn more about the 2021 Dakar Rally.

What is the Dakar Rally?

2020 Dakar Rally Red Bull UTV

Photo by Frédéric Le Floc

The 2021 Dakar Rally is an off-road challenge that crosses some of the most treacherous, wild terrain in the world. It was formerly known as the Paris–Dakar Rally. The annual rally raid is organized by the Amaury Sport Organization (ASO) and most of its events have been ongoing since the event's inception in 1978.

Throughout its history, one of the rallies has been cancelled (2008) due to security threats. From 2009 to 2019, the rally took place in South America. The organizing body held the 2020 contest in Saudi Arabia for the first time and it returns there for the 2021 edition.

What are the dates of the 2021 Dakar Rally?

The 2021 Dakar Rally begins with the Prologue on January 2 then continues through January 15, 2021.

How long is the Dakar Rally?

Motorcycle Dakar Rally

Photo by F. Gooden

The 2021 Dakar Rally consists of 12 stages. The length of each stage of the rally varies. Some are short while others are over 500 miles.The event ends in Jeddah on January 15, after traveling along a nearly 5,000 mile-long loop through desert landscapes and along the shores of the Red Sea.

Most of the competitive special sections are off-road, crossing dunes, mud, camel grass, and rocks. The 2021 Dakar blends a rich tapestry of landscapes in Saudi Arabia. For its first edition in Saudi Arabia, the 2020 rally was called "a quest of discovery"; the 2021 edition is being billed as a "journey of exploration".

Who participates?

The rally is open to amateur and professional entries, with amateurs typically making up about eighty percent of the participants. There are 555 competitors this year and 321 vehicles in total. A whopping 83 of those participants have raced in at least 10 other Dakar races. The racers represent 49 different nationalities. There is one all-female team.

Are there different classes the vehicles compete in?

Red Bull Truck Dakar Rally

Photo by F. Gooden

Yes, there are several different competition categories based on the type of vehicle racing.

In the Motorbike class, there are 142 participants registered originating from mainly European countries.

The Quad class has 16 entrants driving mostly Yamahas. In the Auto - Car class there are 65 entries originating from a wide variety of nations.

Competing in the Auto - Standard Classic Car class are 14 teams, racing a variety of vehicles by Volkswagen, Porsche, Skoda, Peugeot, Mercedes, Land Rover, Toyota, Nissan, and Mitsubishi.

Seven teams are competing in the Auto - Classic Confirmed Car category.

Can-Am and Polaris models make up the vehicles list of the 45 teams competing the T4 class.

Teams 500 through 551 compete against each other in the Trucks category.

The T3 class is made up of primarily PH-Sport, Can-Am, OT3, and Yamaha side-by-sides.

What is the Classic Class and a regularity rally?

Porche Amy Lerner Dakar 2021

Photo by C. Lopez

The Dakar's regularity rally is new and is for rally-raid vehicles built before 2000. It runs in parallel to the main Dakar Rally following the same direction, with the same starting and finishing points, as well as the same bivouac. This test of endurance, vehicle management, and mental will give vintage rally buffs an opportunity to compete.

Is anyone famous racing in Dakar Rally?

The 2021 contest entry roster includes a number of notable names you may recognize. Romain Dumas (Porsche factory driver, winning endurance racer, multiple Pike's Peak International Hill Climb championships), Carlos Sainz (two-time World Rally Cross drivers champion and record holder), Stéphane Peterhansel (13-time Dakar winner), and Sébastien Loeb (most successful driver in World Rally Cross history) are all competing in the Auto - Car class. Many other drivers are widely known within their respective racing class.

Can the vehicles receive service?

Motorcycle service 2021 Dakar

Photo by J. Delfosse

Yes, the Dakar Service Center includes the Motul Racing Lab and tire fittings by BF Goodrich experts. Participants can perform repairs to their vehicles, including tire changes, while en route.

Are the vehicles tracked?

Yes, all vehicles are tracked during the competition, and you can watch the tracking live online here. The tracking can be sorted by the following categories: Moto, Car, Truck, Quad, and Lightweight Vehicle.

What is the race terrain like? What is the route?

Map Dakar Rally 2021 route

Image courtesy of Amaury Sport Organization

Stage 1, Jeddah to Bisha is entirely driven on tracks through valleys with rocks and stones that are a hazard for tires and windscreens. Several intersections also are considered hazardous.

The rally's Stage 2, Bisha to Wadi Al Dawasir, features yellow and white sand dunes with a lengthy off-track area near the end. Stage 3 is a pure desert stage in the gateway to the Empty Quarter where the route is in a loop that begins and ends in Wadi Al Dawasir. On this stage, speed racers will get their first real opportunity to cut loose.

The fourth day of competition is the longest. Stage 4, Wadi Al Dawasir to Riyadh, offers winding tracks while Stage 5 switches it up with a difficult section of dunes and stoney tracks as racers move from Riyadh to Buraydah.

Things get slightly easier for tires on Stage 6 where a variety of smooth sand dunes move the race along from Buraydah to Ha'il. Bikes will have their hardest day on this stage. There is a rest day between Stage 6 and Stage 7.

The terrain switches for Stage 7, moving to sand mountains and stony plateaus as the races move from Ha'il to Sakaka. There's over 100 kilometers of up and down racing.

Neom, Saudi Arabia Pakar Rally

Photo by E Vargiolu

Stage 8 crosses the northern part of the country moving west to east beginning at Sakaka to and heading on to Neom (shown above). It is another very long stage. This is the stage where competitors will likely have their cameras out.

The race features another loop stage for Stage 9, this time in Neom. The stage starts at the seafront but quickly turns difficult as soft sand fills in tracks preventing speed. Organizers say that this may be the most difficult stage of the entire rally.

Stage 10 moves the race south over hills and vistas from Neom to Al- 'Ula. The dunes return for Stage 11 as racers go from Al- 'Ula to Yanbu on terrain described by ASO as "an ocean of sand".

The final stage, Stage 12, features more dunes as the race returns to its start point in Jeddah.

How do I track/watch the rally in the U.S.?

You can watch the tracking live online here. The tracking can be sorted by the following categories: Moto, Car, Truck, Quad, and Lightweight Vehicle.

NBCSN will be airing the race in the U.S. on cable television. Here are the watch times for each stage by date:

  • Sunday, January 3 - Stage 1 - 7:30 p.m.
  • Monday, January 4 - Stage 2 - 6:30 p.m.
  • Tuesday, January 5 - Stage 3 - 6:30 p.m.
  • Wednesday, January 6 - Stage 4 - 6:30 p.m.
  • Thursday, January 7 - Stage 5 - 6:30 p.m.
  • Friday, January 8 - Stage 6 - 6:30 p.m.
  • Sunday, January 10 - Stage 7 - 11:00 p.m.
  • Monday, January 11 - Stage 8 - 6:30 p.m.
  • Tuesday, January 12 - Stage 9 - 6:30 p.m.
  • Wednesday, January 13 - Stage 10 - 2:30 a.m.
  • Thursday, January 14 - Stage 11 - 9:30 p.m.
  • Friday, January 15 - Stage 12 - 6:00 p.m.
The race is also being broadcast online on Red Bull TV, MotorTrend On Demand, and

Viewers in Africa, Asia, Europe, Australia, and South America should check with their local outlets for coverage information.

How has COVID-19 effected the Dakar Rally?

Threatened with cancellation due to the pandemic, the Amaury Sport Organization (ASO) has put in place strict sanitation protocol. The organization also requires a series of negative results from COVID PRC tests from all participants ahead of the start. Additionally, ASO scheduled a number of charter flights from European locations, when flights into Saudi Arabia were halted two weeks before the start of the rally.

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Domino's and Nuro announced their partnership in 2019 — and now the robots are hitting the roads.

Photo courtesy of Nuro

After announcing their partnership to work on pizza deliveries via self-driving robots in 2019, Dominos and Nuro have officially rolled out their technology to one part of town.

Beginning this week, if you place a prepaid order from Domino's in Woodland Heights (3209 Houston Ave.), you might have the option to have one of Nuro's R2 robot come to your door. This vehicle is the first do deliver completely autonomously without occupants with a regulatory approval by the U.S. Department of Transportation, according to a news release.

"We're excited to continue innovating the delivery experience for Domino's customers by testing autonomous delivery with Nuro in Houston," says Dennis Maloney, Domino's senior vice president and chief innovation officer, in the release. "There is still so much for our brand to learn about the autonomous delivery space. This program will allow us to better understand how customers respond to the deliveries, how they interact with the robot and how it affects store operations."

Orders placed at select dates and times will have the option to be delivered autonomously. Photo courtesy of Nuro

Nuro Domino's delivery vehicle

The Nuro deliveries will be available on select days and times, and users will be able to opt for the autonomous deliveries when they make their prepaid orders online. They will then receive a code via text message to use on the robot to open the hatch to retrieve their order.

"Nuro's mission is to better everyday life through robotics. Now, for the first time, we're launching real world, autonomous deliveries with R2 and Domino's," says Dave Ferguson, Nuro co-founder and president, in the release. "We're excited to introduce our autonomous delivery bots to a select set of Domino's customers in Houston. We can't wait to see what they think."

California-based Nuro has launched a few delivery pilots in Houston over the past few years, including the first Nuro pilot program with Kroger in March 2019, grocery delivery from Walmart that was revealed in December 2019, and pharmacy delivery that launched last summer.

From being located in a state open to rolling out new AV regulations to Houston's diversity — both in its inhabitants to its roadways, the Bayou City stood out to Nuro, says Sola Lawal, product operations manager at Nuro.

"As a company, we tried to find a city that would allow us to test a number of different things to figure out what really works and who it works for," Lawal says on an episode of the Houston Innovators Podcast. "It's hard to find cities that are better than Houston at enabling that level of testing."

You can find out which self-driving vehicles are being tested in your neck of the woods by clicking here.

This article first appeared on AutomotiveMap's sister site InnovationMap.

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The 2021 Volkswagen ID.4 is on sale now.

Photo courtesy of Volkswagen AG
The all-electric range of the 2021 Volkswagen ID.4 has been confirmed. The model is the first modern electric Volkswagen to be sold in the U.S. and a model that the German automaker is resting a lot of hopes on for the future of sales in the country.

The 2021 Volkswagen ID.4 Pro with all-wheel drive will achieve an EPA-estimated 260 miles of all-electric range on a full charge. The ID.4 Pro S and 1st Edition, which have more features and equipment and therefore weigh more, achieve an estimated 250 miles of range.

The EPA-estimated fuel economy for ID.4 Pro RWD is 107 MPGe in the city; 91 MPGe on the highway, and 99 MPGe combined. The ID.4 Pro S and 1st Edition does slightly worse achieving 104 MPGe in the city, 89 MPGe on the highway, and 97 MPGe combined.

2021 Volkswagen ID.4: Exterior The "1st" badging denotes the vehicle as a first edition model. Photo courtesy of Volkswagen AG

These new numbers come as part of a second round of EPA testing. Original testing found that the model did not quite hit its target.

How does that compare to other EVs? The Nissan Leaf Plus offers 226 miles of all-electric power. The Hyundai Kona Electric delivers 258 miles. Volvo's XC40 Recharge has just 208 miles of all-electric range but the Tesla Model Y can go up to 326 miles on one full charge.

First out of the Volkswagen gate will be ID.4 models with an 82-kilowatt-hour battery and rear-mounted AC permanent-magnet synchronous motor. That system delivers 201 horsepower and 228 pound-feet of torque.

At a public DC fast-charging station with 125 kW charging, the ID.4 can go from five to 80 percent charged in about 38 minutes. With purchase, ID.4 owners receive three years of unlimited charging at Electrify America DC Fast Chargers at no additional cost.

The 2021 ID.4 is on sale now, with pricing for the rear-wheel-drive ID.4 Pro starting at $39,995 MSRP, before a potential Federal tax credit of up to $7,500. The Pro S carries an MSRP of $44,495. The limited-run ID.4 1st Edition, which sold out the day the vehicle was launched, carried an MSRP of $43,995.

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