Luxury Lifestyle

These are the most intricate bespoke cars Rolls-Royce created in 2019

Rolls-Royce has crafted numerous vehicles over the last few years that push the envelope.

Photo courtesy of Rolls-Royce Motor Cars

Nearly every aesthetic aspect of a Rolls-Royce can be customized. From traditional leather choices to intricate inlays, vapor blasted titanium, and million-stitch embroidery, the options for owners from the Bespoke side of the brand are nearly endless.

"I am proud to say that the craftsmen and women of Rolls-Royce Motor Cars have surpassed themselves once again in creating an array of extraordinary motor cars, tailored to the requirements of some of the most influential and discerning individuals in the world," said Torsten Müller-Ötvös, Chief Executive, Rolls-Royce Motor Cars. "These motor cars become unique works of art and it is an extraordinary feat when you consider that each and every single one of these unique commissions has been created on one production line at the Home of Rolls-Royce in Goodwood, West Sussex – the skills of these individuals knows no bounds."

Here, AutomotiveMap takes a closer look at some of the most intricate designs that the luxury automaker crafted in 2019.

The Arabian Gulf Phantom

Photo courtesy of Rolls-Royce Motor Cars

Canvas: Phantom │Medium: Embroidery, Paint, Mother of Pearl, Sculpted Silk Appliqué
The Arabian Gulf Phantom features the rich colors of the Middle East. The Phantom's Turchese paint job is evocative of vibrant water, while the Andalusian White upper two-tone recalls the purity of natural pearls. The car's Arctic White coachline features a hand-painted Nautilus shell motif.

A sculpted silk appliqué Gallery by British Artist Helen Amy Murray takes centre stage across the motor car's fascia. Reminiscent of swelling oceans, the Turchese Gallery is punctuated by a Mother of Pearl clock.

A take on the Nautilus shell that is on the exterior is embroidered on Phantom's rear doors, The motif is executed in Mother of Pearl marquetry on the picnic tables' fascia. Once deployed, the picnic tables present a complex piece of marquetry, incorporating Mother of Pearl to the picnic table-top.

Wraith Eagle VIII Collection

Photo courtesy of Rolls-Royce Motor Cars

Canvas: Wraith │Medium: Gold Vacuum Metalized Wood with Silver and Copper Inlays
Rolls-Royce created 50 unique Wraith Eagle VII Collection models to commemorate the anniversary of the first non-stop transatlantic flight by Alcock and Brown in June 1919. To complete the flight, the pilots were propelled by Rolls-Royce Eagle VIII engines.

The new models feature a unique starlight headliner with 1,183 fiber-optic lights were designed to be reminiscent of the nighttime sky at the time of the historic flight. The flight path and constellations are embroidered with the brass thread. The exact moment the duo left the clouds is marked by a red light.

The brass speaker covers are engraved with Winston Churchill's quote commending the pair's achievement on the driver's door.

It also features smoked eucalyptus fascia, vacuum metalized in gold and inlaid with silver and copper, depicting a birds-eye view of the Earth at night, showing a light map of roads and homes glittering below.

​The Million Stitch Rolls-Royce

Photo courtesy of Rolls-Royce Motor Cars

Canvas: Phantom │Medium: Embroidery
The Million Stitch Rolls-Royce Phantom features flowered embroidery that is made with a million stitches. The starting point of the stitching is a rose bred exclusively for Rolls-Royce by Harkness Roses. The Rolls-Royce headquarters in Goodwood, England, is the only place in the work where the rose is grown. Read more about the model here.

Ghost Zenith Collection

Photo courtesy of Rolls-Royce Motor Cars


Canvas: Ghost │Medium: Engraving, Commemoriate Ignot, Perforated Leather, Embroidery
Rolls-Royce Motor Cars marked the close of a decade of the current generation of Ghost by creating the limited edition Zenith Collection. Just 50 Ghosts were part of the collection, which featured the highest level of bespoke available in a Ghost Collection.

The Ghost Zenith references the 200EX, an experimental car that introduced the contemporary expression of the Ghost nameplate in 2009. This design was immortalized in a blueprint-inspired artwork, divided into 50 distinct parts, and engraved on the centre console of Ghost Zenith.

A commemorative ingot, made from the original Spirit of Ecstasy of 200EX, was set into the centre console of each of the cars. Each Ghost Zenith Collection model's Spirit of Ecstasy and clock are engraved with the Zenith name.

Inside, ambient lighting shines through perforated leather and the rear seats feature embroidery inspired by the seat details of the 1907 Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost. Standard wheelbase models feature a starlight headliner with a unique Shooting Star configuration. Light trails fire at random across the cabin roof, which consists of over 1,340 individual, hand-finished fibre-optic lights.

Bayside Dawn Aero Cowling

Photo courtesy of Rolls-Royce Motor Cars

Canvas: Dawn │Medium: Aero Cowling
Following the arrival of the Dawn Aero Cowling in 2018, a customer in Yokohama, Japan wanted to pay tribute to the sea with the Bayside Dawn Aero Cowling as part of their maritime-themed Bespoke motor car.

This one-off model drew inspiration from yachts and speedboats, and featured a combination of technical and natural materials including open-pore teak Canadel panelling that is reminiscent of a yacht's deck and technical fiber. The leather interior evokes the imagery of blue seas and white sails, two of the hallmarks of Yokohama Bay.

Digital Soul Phantom

Photo courtesy of Rolls-Royce Motor Cars

Canvas: Phantom │Medium: Additive Manufacturing, Gold Plating, Gold Inlays
Rolls-Royce describes the Digital Soul Phantom as, "a study in contemporary artisanship; a fusion of human endeavour and computer-generated design." The sedan features a Carrara White with Smokey Quartz two-tone paint job. The model goes beyond common customization.

The buyer's characteristics have been interpreted by an algorithm which translates the data into a swath of 3D-printed stainless steel. This has been hand-polished and plated in 24-carat gold. Additional gold detailing embellishes the interior of the motor car, with gold inlays set by hand in smoked eucalyptus wood and gold-plated speaker grilles.

Horology Phantom

Photo courtesy of Rolls-Royce Motor Cars

Canvas: Phantom │Medium: Stainless Steel and Gold Inlay, Coachline
This unique Phantom was inspired by a meeting between a Rolls-Royce designer and master horologists from La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland. They had met to explore the complexities and exotic movements of luxury timepieces.

The model has a two-tone gunmetal and black paint job, and features a gold and silver hand-painted twin coachline with a design that was inspired by a watch. The Spirit of Ecstasy is cloaked in 24-carat gold. Its fascia features the largest stainless steel and gold inlay ever made for Phantom.

Positioned below a multiple layered stainless-steel Gallery, the inlay depicts an abstract schematic of a watch movement. The Rolls-Royce clock, housed in the Gallery, is set in a solid silver, guilloché case.

Pebble Beach Pastel Collection

Photo courtesy of Rolls-Royce Motor Cars

Canvas: Ghost, Dawn, Wraith │Medium: Paint, Technical Fiber
The Pastel Collection was showcased at Pebble Beach and featured colors drawn from the wildflower super-bloom in California. They're three Black Badge commissions feature new colors for the Rolls-Royce palette.

The Ghost Black Badge in this collection features a Light Green Solid finish, black leather interior with a Serenity Green splash that highlights the technical fibre of the fascia.

The Dawn Black Badge, in Coral Solid, carries seven coats of paint and took more than nine hours of hand-polishing in the Surface Finish Centre at the Home of Rolls-Royce in Goodwood to get to the finish line. The Coral colour carries over to the Aero Cowling, while the interior is finished in Artic White and Sunset.

The new Wraith Black Badge is featured in Semaphore Yellow, a bright and sunny finish with a complementary Selby Grey and Lemon interior.

Falcon Wraith

Photo courtesy of Rolls-Royce Motor Cars

Canvas: Wraith │Medium: Embroidery, Paint
The Falcon Wraith takes inspiration form the world's fastest bird, the Peregrine Falcon. Its interior features nearly 250,000 stitches. Read more about the Falcon Wraith here.

Tranquility Collection

Photo courtesy of Rolls-Royce Motor Cars

Canvas: Phantom │Medium: Meteorite, Space Grade Aluminum, Gold Plate
This vehicle truly pushes the envelope on Earthly delights. According to the automaker, "Tranquillity's Gallery is inspired by the X-Ray coded aperture masks used on the British Skylark space rocket. The Gallery is made from stainless steel, 24-carat gold plating and space grade aluminum."

This vehicle marks the first time in Rolls-Royce history that a meteorite has been incorporated into a car interior. Shavings of the Muonionalusta meteorite, which fell to earth in Kiruna, Sweden in 1906, adorn the Volume Controller, with a detailed engraving of the location and date of its discovery.

Inspired by the light and dark sides of the Moon, The interior's Arctic White or Selby Grey leather is inspired by the light and dark sides of the moon and combines with the veneer combinations of gloss and satin. Bespoke Audio speaker frets are finished in yellow gold, complementing the additional gold elements throughout the car.

A Bespoke 'Technical' yellow gold, vapor blasted and engraved titanium clock and engineered titanium Spirit of Ecstasy complete the aesthetic.

Cullinan in Fux Orange

Photo courtesy of Rolls-Royce Motor Cars

Canvas: Cullinan │Medium: Paint
At Pebble Beach last year, alongside the Pastel Collection, Rolls-Royce Motor Cars debuted the colourful 'Cullinan in Fux Orange'. Mr. Fux, a prolific car collector, commissioned the model and worked with the Bespoke Collective at the Home of Rolls-Royce in Goodwood, West Sussex to create the custom model.

According to a release, "Fux, challenged designers to match the exterior colour to vibrant orange shawl that had caught his eye in South Florida. The shawl was delivered to Rolls-Royce Motor Cars where a colour-matching process began. Working together for nearly a year, the teams created a seven-layer surface, polished by hand for many hours in the Surface Finish Centre."

Rolls-Royce equipped the interior of the model with hand-crafted Arctic White leather with contrast Orange stitching and Orange Rolls-Royce 'RR' headrest monograms. Arctic White is carried over to the box-grain leather fascia, steering-wheel control stems, and carpets. There's also 'Fux Orange' fascia veneer, rear-view mirror and lambswool floor mats.

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NXP Semiconductors has two chip plants in Texas that were effected by Winter Storm Uri.

Photo courtesy of NXP Semiconductors N.V.

The effects of Winter Storm Uri are still being felt across Texas and it's impacting the auto industry. Reporting by Reuters tells that chipmakers, like Samsung Electronics, are still weeks away from resuming normal operations in Texas.

Traditionally, this sort of production slowdown wouldn't much impact the industry. There would typically be enough dealership and inventory and automaker back stock to make up for many, if not all of the shortages for a short period of time. However, COVID-19 has put a strain on the chipmaking industry and is already slowing production, limiting sales, and hurting automaker bottom lines.

There's also been increased demand for semiconductor chips as sales of laptops, gaming consoles, and other entertainment and exercise equipment soared as coronavirus-related lockdowns changed lifestyles globally.

Ford and General Motors have both said that their 2021 sales and profits will be hit hard by the shortage. Additional analysis by Reuters says that Toyota has enough inventory to last four months while Hyundai and Kia, which share common ownership, purchased a stockpile of chips when production was going full steam in late December and are thus far unaffected.

Samsung and NXP Semiconductors shut their factories in Texas last month when Winter Storm Uri took hold. Like Lone Star State households, Texas businesses lost access to electricity, natural gas, and water.

Samsung's logic chip plant is located in Austin. It began operating 2017 and makes chips using Samsung's 14-nanometer, 28-nm and 32-nm chip production technologies. The facility is Samsung's biggest logic chip production facility outside of South Korea, where the company is headquartered. The company also has a NAND flash chip facility in Austin.

NXP's plants are also in Austin where the company has its corporate headquarters. While there are nine other NXP offices in the U.S., there are no other manufacturing sites.

Edward Latson, CEO of the Austin Regional Manufacturers Association, told Reuters that chipmakers now have the power, water and gas they need to operate, but they need time to restart tools and clean the factories. He characterized the process as being slow and "very expensive".

The one month of lost production is most likely to hit automakers hardest five months down the road, in the third quarter.

Many analysts had been predicting an uptick in new vehicle sales for 2021 after car sales rallied in the fourth quarter of 2020. However, these chip shortages are deeply impacting those sales predictions.

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The Nissan Ariya has wind glide over it in the testing tunnel.

Photo courtesy of Nisan Motor Company

Nissan is targeting a drag coefficient (Cd) of 0.297 for the Ariya all-electric crossover. If it can make that number, it will be the company's most aerodynamic crossover to date. What does that mean? Let's take a closer look.

What is drag?

Simply put, drag is an aerodynamic force. It's mechanical in nature, so it is the result of the interaction of a solid body and a liquid. In the case of a car, this liquid is air. (Yes, air is a liquid.) It only occurs when one part of the equation (the solid body or the liquid) is in motion. If there is no motion, there is no drag.

Drag only occurs in the opposite direction of the object's movement. Think of a car cutting through the air as it drives down a north-south road. As the car heads north, the air it passes through is pushed south. The car is in motion; there is drag.

2022 Nissan Ariya

Photo courtesy of Nisan Motor Company

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What is coefficient of drag?

The coefficient of drag, also called a drag coefficient, is a number that aerodynamics professions (aerodynamicists) use to determine the shape, inclination, and flow conditions on a vehicle's drag. The shape of an object (bullet vs. square vs prism, etc.) has a large impact on the amount of drag created by airflow surrounding a vehicle. Objects with narrower front ends tend to have a lower coefficient.

Scientists and vehicle designers want to keep air moving around the car for maximum efficiency. The inclination of the airflow to either move in a smooth, connected pattern, or to be broken up with air sitting, stalling in one particular part of the vehicle, lessening airflow and making the vehicle less aerodynamic.

A vehicle's Cd is determined by plugging various measurements into an equation. Cd is equal to drag (D) divided by the quantity of density (r) multiplied by half the velocity (V) squared multiple by the reference area (A). As an equation, it looks like this: Cd = D / (A * .5 * r * V^2).

The smaller the Cd, the more aerodynamic a vehicle is.

2022 Nissan Ariya

The Nissan Ariya employs aerodynamic wheel design, made to help it cut though the air with greater ease.

Photo courtesy of Nissan North America

What is the coefficient of drag of the Nissan Ariya?

"With the growing shift towards electric mobility, aerodynamic testing is becoming increasingly important. The aerodynamics of electric vehicles are directly linked to how efficiently the vehicle moves – less drag and better stability allows the customer to drive longer distances before having to recharge," said Sarwar Ahmed, Aerodynamics and Aeroacoustics Engineer at Nissan Technical Centre Europe.

Nissan is targeting a 0.297 coefficient of drag for the Ariya. How will it achieve that number? By utilizing precisely shaped body lines and strategically placed air ducts, among other components. There's a bonus to better aerodynamics when it comes to EVs.

"Following official homologation of the Nissan Ariya later this year, we anticipate the range to improve compared to the 310 mile figure shared in 2020 during the World Premiere. This will give drivers more efficiency and confidence to go even further on a single charge," said Marco Fioravanti, VP Product Planning, Nissan Europe.

How does the Ariya's coefficient of drag compare to other Nissans?

The newest Nissans, the Kicks, Pathfinder, and Frontier, don't have their Cd publicly available yet, but other models have their results. The targeted 0.297 Cd in the Ariya is less than that in the 2021 Armada, Murano, and Rogue. But, it's higher than the Nissan Leaf.

The fact that it's higher than the Leaf is not surprising. Shorter cars tend to be more aerodynamic because they sit lower to the ground and have a smaller profile. That also explains why Nissan's largest and boxiest SUV, the Armada, has the highest number on the list.

How does the Ariya's coefficient of drag compare to numbers from other EVs?

The Nissan Ariya's coefficient of drag is higher than that of most other electric cars, crossovers, and SUVs sold in the U.S. Here's where the others measure up:

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