Retrospective

Now and then: How the 2021 Ford Bronco differs from past Broncos

The Ford Bronco came in a number of body styles over the years. Let's take a look back.

Photo courtesy of Ford Motor Company

What's old is new again, but much improved. The long-awaited 2021 Ford Bronco has finally broken cover. Designers and marketers have looked to the first Bronco, born in 1965, and leveraged its history for the design and engineering of the new Bronco family of vehicles.

The new Bronco comes in three versions similar to the originals, but benefits from a treasure-trove of modern-day technologies and innovations, as well as a fully-developed marketing plan that includes hundreds of available after-market accessories for personalization.

2021 Ford Bronco Sport Family The 2021 Ford Bronco Family builds on the foundation of decades of off-roading excellence.Photo courtesy of Ford Motor Company

The competition

The 2021 Bronco is hard-wired and poised to go to war with its closest rival today--Fiat Chrysler's family of Jeep vehicles and the legions of enthusiasts that Jeep has culled with Mopar accessories, as well as the independent Jeep Jamboree USA program and a collection of other Jeep owner events across the country and beyond. The off-road rivalry is nothing new for the companies, who trace the origins of that battle back to World War II when they competed to build the perfect all-terrain vehicle for troop transport.

Don Frey, Ford Motor Company Vice President, is noted as the brainchild behind two Ford ponies - the first Bronco and the Mustang (along with some help from Lee Iacocca). The boxy, durable two-door with round headlights was constructed of a body-on-frame design with high ground clearance and short front and rear overhangs; it was unveiled in '65 as the first automobile called out specifically as a "Sports-Utility Vehicle".

Exterior styling

The 2021 Bronco follows the same utilitarian form-follows-function design aesthetic as the original, with all panels and glass styled straight and flat, plus it has been penned outside and in using nearly mirror-image styling and legacy cues. The Bronco Sport design inspiration links to the all-new Bronco halo model, borrowing rugged attributes that include a signature encapsulated cartridge grille, round headlamps, clean, flat bodysides, short front and rear overhangs and tough unpainted exterior finishes.

Offered as a '66 model, the first Bronco came in three body styles (the open-air no-frills, two-passenger Roadster; a Sport Utility with pickup bed; and a wagon, with two doors, tailgate, full top and a rear bench seat as an option). The base Roadster was the least expensive starting at $2,194, with optional doors and roof, while the Sport Utility seated two or three riders on a bench seat and had a pickup bed that earned it the moniker "half-cab".

1966 Ford Bronco The 1966 Ford Bronco was available in a variety of body styles, suiting many families' needs.Photo courtesy of Ford Motor Company

Ford's newest Bronco family is made up of classic two-door and first-ever four-door offerings, as well as a Sport. The two- and four-door versions have quick-release stowable roof panels and doors on some models that are paired with matched color and trim combinations, along with available packages and options, 11 color choices, and more than 200 dealer-installable accessories. It starts at $29,995.

The 2021 Bronco Sport comes in one four-door body style and five trims, with four accessory bundles and over 100 factory-backed stand-alone accessories. It's cleverly been crafted to carry two mountain bikes in the rear cargo area—and two cyclists in the front.

Limited-volume First Edition versions of the three models will be available at launch.

Power and prowess

Frey said the original line of Bronco SUVs married the attributes of conventional cars and trucks and would serve the needs of sportsmen and families to use in the woods, on the farm or for civil defense. Advertised as an "off-road vehicle" (ORV), its 92-inch wheelbase and 4WD attributes squared it up against the compact Jeep CJ-5 and International Harvester Scout. During its reign, four other generations followed that bumped its footprint into the popular midsized SUV segment.

1966 Ford Bronco two-door The model was made as a vehicle that could go over all types of terrain.Photo courtesy of Ford Motor Company

The new #BuiltWild Broncos, are constructed on wheelbases that range from 100.4-inch and 116.1-inch for the classics to 105.1 for the Bronco Sport. They also come with advanced four-wheel-drive technology and Terrain Management Systems with G.O.A.T. Modes (seven different selectable drive programs for varying road conditions, availalbity varies by model).

Two 4x4 systems are offered on all modern Bronco models, a base and an advanced 4x4, plus an impressive assortment of world-class 4WD hardware that provides prowess and no-compromise handling and maneuverability especially where the pavement ends and adventure begins. The two-and four-doors are most like Jeep Wranglers, while the small sibling will compare to Jeep's Compass or Cherokee.

2021 Ford Bronco Sport The 2021 Ford Bronco Sport is off-road capable- not just another pretty face.Photo courtesy of Ford Motor Company

The original Bronco sported an H-pattern 'three on the tree' manual transmission connected to a 170 CID inline six-cylinder engine with 105 horsepower that was borrowed from the Ford Falcon and modified for off-road duty. A year later, V8 power appeared on the option sheet, first as the 289 and, later, the 302 in 1977. Upgrades in '73 included power steering and an optional three-speed automatic transmission.

1966 Ford Bronco engine The first Bronco engine had just 105 horsepower.Photo courtesy of Ford Motor Company

The newest Broncos assert their power using a 2.7-liter EcoBoost V6 (projected to produce 310 horsepower and 400 pound-feet of torque) or a 2.3-liter four-cylinder (tapped to achieve 270 horsepower and 310 pound-feet of torque). Classics have the option of a seven-speed (6+1) manual transmission or a SelectShift 10-speed automatic transmission. Bronco Sport buyers will find a 2.0-liter EcoBoost (targeted 245 horsepower and 275 pound-feet of torque) or a 1.5-liter EcoBoost (rated 181 horsepower and 190 pound-feet of torque); both engines are shifted with an 8-speed automatic transmission.

In early Broncos, standard 4WD was set up with a Dana 20 transfer case and a Dana 30 front differential that was upgraded to a Dana 44 in 1971, while a Hotchkiss type driveshaft was connected to a 9-inch axle at the Ford's rear end. Up front was a suspension comprised of coil springs and radius arms that provided competitive wheel travel and a tight turning radius. Heavier-duty leaf springs sprung the rear while air assist front springs was an option for owners that wanted added toughness.

The new Bronco's base system utilizes a two-speed electronic shift-on-the-fly transfer case, while the optional advanced system features a two-speed electromechanical transfer case with an auto mode for on-demand engagement to select between 2H and 4H. Power is distributed to a Dana 44 AdvanTEK solid rear axle and Dana AdvanTEK independent front differential unit – both with available Spicer Performa-TraK electronic locking differentials for improved traction over tough terrain.

2021 Ford Bronco Sport The modern Bronco and Bronco sport are designed as go-anywhere vehicles. Photo courtesy of Ford Motor Company

Some Bronco Sport series versions use an advanced 4x4 system with a class-exclusive twin-clutch rear-drive unit set up with a differential lock feature to allow greater off-road performance – similar to a traditional mechanical locking differential. Two- and four-door Bronco models get an independent front suspension with a solid axle design featuring coil springs with five locating links in the rear; long-travel position-sensitive Bilstein dampers with end-stop control valves are available. All Bronco Sport models sit on independent front and rear suspension systems; uniquely tuned front struts with hydraulic rebound stops are used on some series, along with 46-millimeter-diameter monotube rear shocks.

Well-outfitted and equipped

Standard issue, the first trucks stuck to utilitarian roots with equipment, but dealers and a robust initial owner base found the first-gen truck could be outfitted rather nicely - options included bucket seats, along with a tachometer, a CB radio, a power take-off, winch, and post-hole digger. If more off-road capability was desired, a plow, tow bar, and an auxiliary gas tank could be ordered, as well as aftermarket performance parts for the engine, and larger wheels and tires.

1966 Ford Bronco interior The interior of the 1966 Bronco was rather sparsely appointed.Photo courtesy of Ford Motor Company

Among the many standout features of the two- and four-door versions of the 2021 Bronco are 35-inch tires, grab handles that are integrated into the modular instrument panel and center console, and MOLLE hooks that are mounted in the seatbacks. Attachment points are built into the instrument panel to mount a bring-your-own-device rack, with 12-volt power connections to mount cameras, navigation units, phones, or other devices like a GoPro. A 12-inch SYNC 4 system brings over-the-air updates and seamlessly integrates to the FordPass Performance app with off-road navigation and displays the available 360-degree camera system projecting off-road spotter views to provide greater visibility for technical driving.

Features on the new Bronco Sport include a class-exclusive liftgate with a flip-glass rear window, LED floodlamps, zippered seatback pockets for additional stowage, and fun and unique items like a built-in bottle opener in the cargo area and a slide-out work table. All Broncos can be had with a variety of washable rubber flooring throughout the cabin and cargo area, easy-to-clean cloth seating surfaces and silicone-sealed control switches. An available storage bin is located below the second-row passenger-side seat to stow wet and muddy gear in Sports; Ford's SYNC 3 system is engaged through an 8-inch touch screen and is compatible with Apple CarPlay and Android Auto; other technology includes Ford+Alexa and SiriusXM satellite radio.

2021 Ford Bronco Sport The 2021 Ford Bronco Sport features a bottle open at the rear.Photo courtesy of Ford Motor Company

Downsizing

Ford introduced the Sport option package for the Bronco wagon in 1967, adding chrome exterior trim and wheel-covers and red-painted FORD grille lettering. In 1970, it became a freestanding model rather than an option package. To comply with federal regulations, the SUV was fitted with backup lights and side marker lamps (in 1967 and 1968, respectively).

After struggling with sales, production of the open-body Bronco Roadster ended after the 1968 model year and, in 1972, the Bronco half-cab was cancelled due to low sales. The same year, in line with F-Series trucks, the Ranger trim became the top-of-the-line Bronco, wearing body stripes, model-specific wheel covers, cloth seats, woodgrain door panels, and a carpeted interior. In a 1975 interior revision, the Bronco Sport and Bronco Ranger adapted the two-spoke steering wheel from the F-Series. Highway performance was now added as a laudable attribute.

Designed for the road and beyond

The first-generation Bronco (1966-1977) was redesigned and replaced by a single three-door second-gen '78 model with a removeable hardtop and a rear window that lowered into the door. By now, it had gained popularity with an ever-growing bevy of buyers, as well as 4x4 magazines, and was redesigned for better daily driver performance with two available V8 engines and a bigger, more comfortable cabin with air conditioning and an AM/FM radio.

A third-generation of the Bronco (1980-1986) came with a new logo and an updated six-cylinder engine (the V8 was still available) that brought improved fuel economy and upgrades to its suspension.

1993 Ford Bronco The 1993 Ford Bronco was part of the company's last generation of the model. Photo courtesy of Ford Motor Company

Of note, a smaller Bronco II was introduced in March 1983 as a 1984 model and was built from 1984 through 1990, based on the Ranger platform with four V6 engine options and an Eddie Bauer trim package.

The fourth-gen Bronco (1987-1991) was crafted to look and be sized more in line with F-Series pickups, with a variety of modernized features, such as electronic fuel injection, rear anti-lock brakes and, after 1988, two five-speed manual transmissions, and custom trim packages.

The fifth-gen model (1992-1996) replaced the removable roof with a fixed roof. While much was carryover, this generation was the first to feature driver's side airbags, three-point seat belt systems, along with a host of other safety upgrades.

Many of the upgrades made in the fifth generation of the Bronco live on today. The 2021 model is the safest one yet with more airbags and a stronger body structure than previous iterations. It has a variety fo roof options and comes with a long list of cutting edge safety technology.

2021 Ford Bronco The 2021 Ford Bronco is not just off-road capable - it's safe too.Photo courtesy of Ford Motor Company

Thirty years after its debut, the last Bronco of the 20th Century rolled off the assembly line in June, 1996, at Michigan's Ford Truck Plant, where the new 2021 Ford Bronco is being built. The original Bronco was an icon that attracted buyers who wanted an adventurous lifestyle and a vehicle with off-road capability. The classic Bronco returns and is made to appeal to hardcore off-road enthusiasts and those who want to be.

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Nuts & Bolts

 
 

Walter P. Chrysler stands next to his1924 Chrysler Six, the first car bearing the Chrysler name.

Photo courtesy of FCA US LLC

It's been nearly 100 years since Walter P. Chrysler formed the Chrysler Corporation. In that time, the company has been merged, spilt, sold, and reborn in a variety of forms, but its roots still remain in Michigan where it is known as one of the Big Three automakers alongside General Motors and Ford.

Let's take a look back at the history of the company from its highest highs to its lowest lows, and everything in between.

The beginning

1925 Chrysler B70

Photo courtesy of FCA US LLC

Walter Chrysler formed his namesake automotive company in 1925, when his employer, Maxwell Motor Company, was reorganized. A little over a year earlier, Chrysler's first production car, the Chrysler 70 (above), was released and featured several forward-looking innovations. The car came with a high-compression engine that had full-pressure lubrication, an oil filter, and a carburetor air filter.

An early pioneer

Early on, Chrysler pioneered several other automotive features that would eventually take over the entire industry. Four-wheel hydraulic brakes, rubber engine mounts, and more were all Chrysler's inventions. The company also developed a ridged rim for its car's wheels, which was designed to prevent a deflated tire from flying off the rim at speed. It was eventually picked up by the entire global automotive industry.

Introducing ... Plymouth

Plymouth Hotel Algonquin 1935 taxi cab

Photo by Martin Forstenzer/Getty Images

In 1928, Chrysler Corporation introduced the Plymouth brand, which was intended to be a lower-priced alternative. Early Plymouth models were rebadged Chrysler cars with small four-cylinder engines. In the photo above, a Plymouth taxicab is parked in front of the Hotel Algonquin in New York City in 1935.

DeSoto was also unveiled at this time as a mid-range model line for the group. Not long after, Chrysler snapped up the Dodge Brothers auto and truck company.

Hello, Mopar

In a stroke of genius that remains a large part of the automotive world today, Chrysler coined the MoPar brand in the 1930s. As a combination of the words "motor parts," the name is still used to describe vehicles and parts in the Chrysler-Dodge world today.

Imperial, Valiant, DeSoto

By the mid-1950s, Chrysler had spun up more nameplates to join its empire. In 1955, Imperial became a brand of its own after a run as the range-topping Chrysler model, and in 1960 the Valiant brand name came to be. In 1961, Chrysler discontinued the DeSoto line.

Chrysler in space

Saturn 1B Kennedy apollo picture

Photo by MPI/Getty Images

The automaker had a hand in the space program, too. In the late 1950s, NASA contracted Chrysler to build the first booster stage of the Saturn I and Saturn IB vehicles. The Saturn 1B is pictured above on January 22, 1968 launching Apollo 5 from Cape Kennedy, Florida, to complete the first flight test of an unmanned lunar module.

The company built the pieces for the Apollo Program at the Michoud Assembly Facility in East New Orleans, which was one of the largest manufacturing facilities on Earth at the time.

The future is now

1963 Plymouth Valiant

Photo courtesy of FCA US LLC

Chrysler's forward thinking operations continued into the 1960s, when the automaker became the only of Detroit's Big Three to use a unibody design in its vehicles. Today, most passenger vehicles are unibody designs, but it was a novel idea at the time. Around the same time, the Valiant brand was moved back as a subsidiary of the Plymouth brand (a 1963 Plymouth Valiant is shown above), and became the first production car with an alternator.

Ooh, Barracuda

1965 Plymouth Barracuda

Photo courtesy of FCA US LLC

In 1964, the Plymouth Barracuda was introduced (shown above as a 1965 model), almost two weeks before the unveiling of the Ford Mustang. Despite being first, the 'Cuda was outsold by the Mustang ten-to-one in its first year on the market. Chrysler had also set its sights on Europe by this time, and took a majority stake in the British Rootes Group in 1964. The venture was short-lived, however, as financial difficulties in the British company forced Chrysler to sell to PSA Peugeot Citroen in 1978.

Stiff competition, disastrous results

The 1970s proved to be a difficult time for Chrysler, as it was for all American car companies. Cheaper, smaller Japanese and European cars flooded the markets, as the oil crisis drove prices through the roof and made large, heavy cars almost immediately obsolete. Later in the decade, a rush to push new models to market led to massive warranty and repair costs for Chrysler, as its Dodge Aspen and Plymouth Volare were hurried to market with poor construction and an even worse design.

Mr. Iacocca

1984 Plymouth Voyager

Photo courtesy of FCA US LLC

In 1978, Lee Iacocca joined Chrysler as CEO after having been fired from Ford. Because of its missteps with the Aspen and Volare models, Chrysler was hemorrhaging cash at the time. Iacocca started retooling the automaker from scratch, which included many layoffs, the sale of European assets to Peugeot, and the creation of the project that would ultimately lead to the Dodge Caravan and Plymouth Voyager (1984 model shown above). The project was driven by former Ford executives after Henry Ford II denied its forward progress under his watch.

Iacocca realized that the company would not be able to survive without a significant influx of cash to turn its fortunes around. In September 1979, he asked Congress for a $1.5 billion loan, which led to the Chrysler Corporation Loan Guarantee Act of 1979. The military later purchased thousands of Dodge trucks from the company, which helped it recover and avoid bankruptcy.

The K-Car and the minivan

1982 Chrysler LeBaron

Photo courtesy of FCA US LLC

In 1981, Chrysler released the first K-Car platform model - another rejected Ford project. The platform would go on to form the basis of several models throughout the decade (1982 Chrysler LeBaron shown above). In 1983, the first minivan was introduced, the success of which helped Chrysler repay the federal government the same year.

American Motors Corporation

The late 1980s were a consequential time for Chrysler. In 1987, the automaker was the subject of an investigation over its practice of disconnecting odometers during test drives before being shipped to dealers. The company settled out of court, but suffered a massive public relation hit. The same year, Iacocca led the acquisition of American Motors Corporation (AMC), which brought Jeep into the Chrysler fold for the first time. The Eagle brand was also created at this time.

Chrysler and Fiat Part I

In 1988, Chrysler and Fiat reached an agreement for the American automaker to be the exclusive distributed or Alfa Romeo in the United States, which lasted until Alfas were phased out in 1995. The early 1990s also saw Chrysler making a return to the streets of Europe, first with select Jeep models and then others.

DaimlerChrysler Motors Company

In 1998, Chrysler formed a 50-50 partnership with Daimler-Benz, and the automaker was renamed DaimlerChrysler Motors Company. Though it was supposed to be an even merger, Daimler-Benz was in the driver's seat. Plymouth was phased out in 2001, and the remaining auto brands went on to share platforms and technologies in vehicles that are still seen today. The marriage came to an end in 2007, when DaimlerChrysler AG sold the majority of its stake in Chrysler to Cerberus Capital Management. That sale led to a shuffle in management and a new logo.

Economic downturn

A Jeep sits in front of the empty showroom at Premier Chrysler June 8, 2009 in Chicago, Illinois. The dealership is 1 of the 789 Chrysler dealerships nationwide that are scheduled to close tomorrow. Today the Supreme Court delayed Chrysler\ufffds sale of most of its assets to a group led by Italy\ufffds Fiat. (

Photo by Scott Olson/Getty Images

The financial crisis of 2008 cut deep into Chrysler's operations and stability. Late in that year, the company announced a 25 percent reduction in its salaried and contract workforce. Sales fell drastically for all automakers at that time, but Chrysler was particularly vulnerable after having been passed around through mergers and acquisitions over the years. In December 2008, President George W. Bush announced a rescue loan for the auto industry, which included Chrysler.

As part of a reorganization, Chrysler LLC and Fiat announced plans to form a global alliance. The agreement gave Fiat a large stake in Chrysler and led to several months of restructuring. By mid-2009, Fiat had taken a majority stake in Chrysler, and by 2014, the company we all know today had taken shape. In December of that year, Chrysler Group LLC's name was officially changed to FCA US LLC, or Fiat Chrysler Automobiles.

Stellantis

New Stellantis company logo revealed ahead of Groupe PSA-Fiat Chrysler merger

Photo courtesy of FCA US LLC

The next chapter of Chrysler is already written. The company will become part of Stellantis, a megacorporation that brings together the holdings of FCA with those of PSA Groupe. The deal closes in January 2021.

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The Ioniq 5 will be the first dedicated electric model designed on Hyundai's new battery electric vehicle platform.

Photo courtesy of Hyundai Motor Group

Hyundai Motor Company, the parent of the Kia, Hyundai, and Genesis brands, has released a new series of photos and videos teasing the forthcoming Ioniq 5. The midsize crossover is slated to Abe the first model in the company's Ioniq dedicated battery electric vehicle (BEV) lineup brand.

It will also be the first vehicle that is underpinned by Hyundai's new Electric-Global Modular Platform (E-GMP). The architecture is similar to what General Motors unveiled with its Ultium platform. The vehicle, Hyundai says, will showcase a "fundamental shift in design approach" for the company where vehicles are designed around the platform rather than modifying existing vehicles to put in BEV power systems like what is in the Kona EV.

Hyundai Ioniq 5 car teaser preview back Photo courtesy of Hyundai Motor Group

The fresh design elements in the Ioniq 5 include Parametric Pixels, the smallest unit of digital imaging, as well as the CUV's color, material, and finish (CMF) direction that works to connect digital functionality with its analog counterpart. The car's front end features pixel-inspired lights, u-shaped and squared off at the corners. Its clamshell hood spans the entire width of the car, which is a concerted effort to minimize panel gaps and increase aerodynamics.

The wheels feature aero-optimized design and come in 20-inch diameter, the first ever fitted to a Hyundai EV.

"Ioniq 5 presents an all-new customer experience through innovative EV design that is evocative of the icon that established Hyundai's design DNA," said SangYup Lee, Senior Vice President and Head of Hyundai Global Design Center. "Beginning with Ioniq 5, our dedicated BEV lineup brand will redefine the relationship between people and their cars, establishing a new standard against which all BEV design experiences will be measured."

In addition to the photos, Hyundai released videos that preview the Ioniq 5's core technologies. Three feature "ultimate camping" scenarios where owners are able to use the Ioniq 5's general power supply (110/220V). In each video, the camper is seen using IONIQ 5's 3.5KW of V2L-supplied power, which they use to roast a turkey in a large oven, listen to music on high-end audio speakers, and exercise on a treadmill—all at a camping site.

Hyundai Ioniq 5 car teaser preview front wheel Photo courtesy of Hyundai Motor Group

The '5 Min Challenge' video highlights Ioinq 5's ultra-fast charging capability that enables it to drive more than 62 miles with only a 5-minute charge (WLTP).

You can watch all the videos below.

Ioniq 5: Ultimate Camping (teaser) - Scene 1. Cooking

Ioniq 5: Ultimate Camping (teaser) - Scene 2. Sound

Ioniq 5: Ultimate Camping (teaser) - Scene 3. Running

Ioniq 5: 5 Min Challenge (teaser) - Trailer

IONIQ 5 will debut in a virtual world premiere event in February 2021.

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